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Mount Vernon garden facts:
- George Washington designed the gardens at Mount Vernon. Some experienced gardeners were hired while others were enslaved to work the gardens.
- The greenhouse pictured above was built by George Washington to house rare and exotic plants and was considered the most advanced of its time.
- Cherry trees were not chopped down by George Washington, but orchards were planted by him.
- A kitchen garden was planted and considered essential to provide fresh vegetables.
- A small botanical garden was also created to handle unusual plants.
- As the design of the gardens became more complex, the gardening skills needed increased. President Washington required written reports detailing the progress of the gardens.
- George Washington was serious about his compost and maintained a diary with the results of his experiments to determine what was desirable and necessary for each type of plant.
- Glass frames and bell jars were used to retain heat in an effort to protect new seedlings from cold temperatures.
- Tools such as spades, shovels, rakes, pruners, baskets, watering cans, ladders, pick axes, and a stone roller were all considered necessary tools in the 1700’s for the skilled gardeners to maintain the Mount Vernon gardens.